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Media reports in October 2019 about a large number of civilian casualties after the bombing of IS targets on the Iraqi town of Hawija in June 2015 by Coalition forces led to the decision by victim groups, journalists and lawyers to further investigate the casualties in order to decide whether legal proceedings could be started against the Dutch government for its responsibilities as part of the Coalition. The case may set a legal precedent as it is the first time that victims seek to establish the responsibility of members of international intervention forces active in conflict zones for civil casualties.
Since 2019 the Nuhanovic Foundation provided seed money for local investigations and developed a database on related topics.