A small number of very egregious cases of criminal misconduct in war will see individuals accused brought before the International Criminal Court. Where States are in dispute with each other about the conduct and consequences of wartime action, they may bring a case before the International Court of Justice.
However, civilian harm due to armed-conflict is generally considered as “collateral damage” and mostly receives little attention from state actors after conflict. When no other avenue is open to them, civilians injured through criminal, negligent or other wrongful conduct of war may turn to a national or regional court, to claim recognition and reparatory measures.
This database offers a selection of important reparations cases since 1980.