2014 | REDRESS Report - Human Rights Concerns and Barriers to Justice in Sudan
This Report by REDRESS indicates that the reforms aimed at strengthening human rights protection and the rule of law set out in Sudan's 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the Interim National Constitution remain largely unimplemented. As a result there are still many acts of national legislation whose provisions, despite being in obvious contravention of international standards, continue to regulate the life of people in Darfur. The provisions of the 2007 Armed Forces Act and 2008 Police Act which grant immunity to the members of the national armed and police forces are among them. The Report concentrates on the question to which extent these immunities are compatible with Sudan's obligation pursuant to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the African Charter on Human and People's Rights to investigate and prosecute torture. It concludes that the justice system of Sudan fails to meet the requirements to investigate allegations of torture 'promptly', 'impartially' and 'effectively', and punish the perpetrators. It also does not allow victims to obtain just remedies and reparations.
The Report finally provides a qualitative overview of the recommendations given by the major international and regional humans rights bodies to the Government of Sudan. They concern the necessity of constitutional review, criminalization of certain serious human rights violations, elimination of legal barriers to accountability, establishment of the effective remedies and reparations, and prohibition of death penalty and corporal punishment. In the end the Report notes that in the sphere of women's rights protection it is necessary to eradicate discriminatory practices, speed up the adaptation of law governing the family and personal status in accordance with international standards, ratify the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and its Optional Protocol without any reservations, and raise awareness of the government officials and the general public about the gender-based violence.