2013 | UN S-G Report on Somalia
This report by the UN’s Secretary General provides an update on major developments that occurred in Somalia on the three major tracks of the United Nations approach — (i) political; (ii) security; and (iii) humanitarian, recovery and development, and human rights — in the period from 16 August 2012 to 15 January 2013. As part of the monitoring and implementation effort around SC Resolution 2067 (2012), it also provides options and recommendations for the future United Nations presence in Somalia.
The report documents positive political developments: the successful end of the transition period lead into the establishment of a new parliament and the peaceful election of a President, a Prime Minster and a 10-member cabinet including two women. Puntland and Somaliland are in negotiations with the new Somali government about their future political relationship. The inclusion of women in both the National Constituent Assembly and the Federal Parliament represent unprecedented gains for women’s involvement in national decision-making processes.
However the security situation remains volatile to extremely dangerous, varying according to region. Al Sahabaab, clan militias and ‘undisciplined elements’ in the government’s own security forces have all been responsible for violent (including sexual) attacks on civilians. Section 41 reports that 8000 rapes were reported between 1 Sept. and 30 Nov. 2012. The number of victims seeking services after the attack has been increasing and this has enabled more accurate documentation. Internally displaced persons continue to be at the highest risk.