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2012 | EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS | Cases against Russia

These cases arose in the context of the conflicts between Russia and Chechnya and Russia and Ingushetia respectively. The Court encountered a great many cases exhibiting similar characteristics, involving unlawful abduction and detention, frequent use of torture, disappearances and death. In its press release (ECHR 457 (2012) 18.12.2012) concerning the case of Aslakhanova and others v Russia (see below) the Court issued the following statement:

The Court has regularly found violations of the same rights in similar cases in more than 120 judgments, resulting from the disappearances that have occurred in the Northern Caucasus since 1999. It concluded that the situation in the case of Aslakhanova and Others resulted from a systemic problem of non-investigation of such crimes, for which there was no effective remedy at national level.

The Court outlined two types of general measures, under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments), to be taken by Russia to address those problems: to alleviate the continuing suffering of the victims’ families; and, to remedy the structural deficiencies of the criminal proceedings. A corresponding strategy was to be prepared by Russia without delay and to be submitted to the Committee of Ministers for the supervision of its implementation. At the same time, the Court decided not to adjourn the examination of similar cases pending before it”