2005 | ICRC Customary International Humanitarian Law Database - Rule 150, Reparations
Customary rules of international humanitarian law bind all States and parties to an armed conflict. The ICRC notes that, pursuant to general practice, the responsibility to make full reparations for the loss or injury caused by the violations of international humanitarian law applies to both international and non-international armed conflicts.
In the context of non-international armed conflict, individuals may seek reparations from States and armed opposition groups. States’ duty to make reparations flows directly from the principle of State responsibility. There also is some practice supporting armed groups’ duty to provide reparations to victims, however it is unclear to what extent such groups are responsible for acts committed by its members.