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1994 | Declaration on the Elimination of all forms of Violence against Women

The UN General Assembly adopted the resolution proclaiming this Declaration on the Elimination of all forms of Violence against Women contains in December 1994. The Declaration provides one of the most comprehensive accounts of the types of dangers and injustices faced by women globally in the context of conflict.

It affirms that ‘Women are entitled to the equal enjoyment and protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field’ (Art.3) and urges States to condemn violence against women and not to invoke any custom, tradition or religious consideration to avoid their obligations with respect to its elimination. Article 4 urges States to ‘pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy of eliminating violence against women. In respect of reparations for women victims of violence’ it specifies that State should:

 'develop penal, civil, labor and administrative sanctions in domestic legislation to punish and redress the wrongs caused to women who are subjected to violence; women who are subjected to violence should be provided with access to the mechanisms of justice and, as provided for by national legislation, to just and effective remedies for the harm that they have suffered; States should also inform women of their rights in seeking redress through such mechanisms.'