2011 | The New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States
The New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States (Busan Sth Korea 2011) is not strictly-speaking a legal instrument, nor does it relate exclusively to Somalia. However it explains the background and informs the provisions of The Somali Compact (see above on this page). The ‘New Deal’ was formulated by the group g7+, a voluntary association of 20 countries that are or have been affected by conflict and are now in transition to the next stage of development, and OECD donors. The stated goal of the g7+ is ‘to stop conflict, build nations and eradicate poverty through innovative development strategies, harmonized to the country context, aligned to the national agenda and led by the State and its People’. Of particular relevance for the post-conflict setting in Somalia, is the explicit recognition that the empowerment of women is one of the essential components of successful state building.
The document’s point of departure is the recognition that ‘processes of political dialogue have often failed due to lack of trust, inclusiveness, and leadership. International partners can often bypass national interests and actors, providing aid in overly technocratic ways that underestimate the importance of harmonising with the national and local context, and support short-term results at the expense of medium- to long-term sustainable results brought about by building capacity and systems’.
Somalia is only one of 14 African member States of the g7+ group (in addition to Yemen and Afghanistan, East Papua New Guinea and East Timor and Haiti). However Somalia is the first member to produce a ‘Compact’ in accordance with the agreed transitional processes spelled out in the New Deal. More information on it can be at the website of the g7+ group.