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2004 | African Union Declaration on Gender Equality in Africa

This Declaration was agreed by the Heads of State members of the African Union in 2004. From the perspective of the need to protect women from (sexual) violence during and after conflict, the declaration is interesting for its recognition that ‘while women bear the brunt of conflicts and internal displacement, including rapes and killings, they are largely excluded from conflict prevention, peace-negotiation, and peace-building processes’. The Declaration also acknowledges ‘the negative impact on women and on the development of our countries of issues such as HIV/AIDS, conflict, poverty, violence against women, women's exclusion from politics and decision-making.